One of the most important aspects during or after divorce is that of alimony or spousal support. It is spousal maintenance and a legal obligation on a person to provide financial support to his or her spouse before or after marital (legal) separation or divorce. It is provided to alleviate any unfair economic burden that may befall the lower-wage-earning spouse or the non-wage-earning spouse after a divorce takes place, as because after divorce the spouse who is untrained or has been out of the workforce for such a significant amount of time, would not be able to quickly attain a job or professional position that would allow them to maintain the standard of living that they may have had while they were married. It is a kind of bridging the gap between the times it takes for that spouse to obtain employment or other resources for that spouse to meet her own needs.
This obligation of alimony is guaranteed by every country under their Divorce law or family law. Earlier, it was the husband who was supposed to pay alimony to his former wife, but after 1970, many of the Western countries took positive moves towards gender equality with a corresponding recognition after which a former husband also was entitled to alimony from his former wife.
In California, it is the family court which has the power to award alimony in a pending case of divorce or legal separation to either spouse to pay support to each other. The amount of support is in the amount that is necessary for the support of the other spouse. In California, numerous factors are taken into consideration while determining an alimony order which is:
1. Age, physical condition, and financial condition of the spouses;
2. The spouses’ earning abilities;
3. The standard of living during marriage;
4. The assets and separate property, of each party;
5. The length of the marriage;
6. History of domestic violence between the parties, incl